Category Archive Research Papers

The Replaceable Rules- Powers of the Directors- Corporate Culture- Research Assignment Help

Research Assignment Help:


Register a PUBLIC COMPANY – The Internal Management Rules of the company are to be The Replaceable Rules – The company must also have a CONSTITUTION which restricts the powers of the Directors so the Directors may NOT sign a contract for more than $10 million without first getting shareholder approval.. If you have trouble understanding what you are required to do – please attend your class and seek advice and direction from your lecture or tutor – If you choose to discuss the assignment with other people you are advised to check what you are told is correct ” the buck stops here”!! The ASIC website has good information on how to register a company. Remember this is not an essay assignment – you are required to prepare all documentation to register a company – I don”t wont you to tell how to register a company.


You should research the topic in journals and the news media – you should look into the BANKING ENQUIRE – read the news papers.

Discrimination in Community: Health and Wellbeing- Research Paper Assignment Help

Research Paper Assignment Help:

Students will investigate a specific instance of discrimination in the community that impacts on the health and wellbeing of those experiencing it and are encouraged to devise strategies to minimise the discrimination and/or the health impact. Students will choose one of two situations in which access to a health/wellbeing facility may be restricted by discrimination and/or stigma. They will research and describe, for this situation:

a) What forms stigma and/or discrimination may take
b) Who is affected by these and how they are affected
c) What the impact may be on the health/wellbeing of those affected
d) What strategies might be used in the host community to reduce the impact of stigma and/or discrimination

Materials which may be used to address item d) above may be produced, but should be at least outlined/sketched.

Health Science Research- Edith Cowan University- Research Proposal Assignment

Research Proposal Assignment:


Summarise what you are going to do and how you are going to do it (maximum of 400 words). The description needs to be able to be understood by a person not familiar with your specific area of study.

Sleep is essential in order to keep human body well. This report will analyse the sleep quality of Indian migrants living in Perth, and will be adapted from the study completed at Howard university in Washington in 2017, which showed that the sleep quality and sleep duration of Africans decreased after immigration in America (Obi, 2017). It has been shown that age, working hours and gender of migrants influences the sleep quality (Obi 2017) Therefore, this study will determine the relationship between these factors and sleep quality of Indian immigrants living in Perth. Sleep quality and sleep duration is associated with the increased risk of heart problems, diabetes, stroke and depression. The result can be used as interventions for good quality sleep. In this study, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality
Index (PSQI) will be used which is valid and reliable tool to analyse the sleep quality. The data will be collected by social network site (Facebook – Indians in Perth), e – mails (to personal contacts) and snow – ball technique.

The questions will be divided into seven components (Subjective sleep quality, sleep duration, sleep latency, use of sleeping medication, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, daytime dysfunction) and each section will be rated from score 0 to 3. Standard values of global PSQI is 5, and if global PSQI more than 5 it represents poor sleep on the other hand if global PSQI is less than 5 it reveals good sleep quality.

To determine the relationship between demographic factors and sleep quality SPSS will be used with the P value < 0.05. In this study, gender, marital status and working hours will be the independent variables and sleep quality will be the dependent variable. Difference between groups (i.e., gender, marital status) will be determined using chi square test. The result can provide information about significant factors, which decrease sleep quality and sleep duration of individuals and this may then be used to develop recommendations to improve the sleep quality of the individuals.

This section outlines the project rationale or the key reasons for undertaking the project which is supported by the current evidence in the literature and the gap in the literature. (maximum of 500 words).

Sleep is an essential human physiological need particularly for physical well-being without which the life of human beings is threatened (Zakeri et al., 2006). There is evidence that sleep may play an important role in maintaining healthy heart function (Zolfaghariet al., 2012) since a normal heart beats about 70-80 times in every minute and 60 beats during sleep. Sleep may be described as a natural process that takes place in animals as well as human beings, which involves behavioural and physiological processes (Susan & Patricia, 2014). Sleeping less than 7 hours (short sleep duration) is associated with high mortality rate and risk for developing adverse cardiovascular, endocrine, immune or nervous system outcomes like obesity, diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, mood or anxiety disorders plus substance abuse (Chaput et al., 2007; Forquer et al., 2008; Knutson et al., 2009; Korenet al., 2002; Kripke et al., 2002). It is well established that demographic, environmental plus illness-related factors may be implicated in sleep disturbances (Redeker & Stein, 2006). Various factors such as physical and individual factors like age, sex, medication, body mass index (BMI) and socioeconomic status as well as marital status and educational level, race, smoking, and physical disorders influence the sleep quality and quantity (Mohamadi & Shahparian, 2013). By contrast, some studies have reported inconsistent results on factors influencing sleep quality. A case in point reported that common sleep complaints
among older adults occurred following their comorbidities rather than aging per se (Foley et al., 2004).

According to Hale and Do (2007), there are few studies that have focused on differences in sleep with race unlike health disparities. Some scholars have focused on sleep duration, continuity as well as subjective quality among African American (AA) and Caucasian American (CA) (Durrence & Lichstein, 2006). Other sources demonstrated stronger but consistent differences in sleep architecture among CA and AA (Mezick, et al., 2008; Thomas et al., 2006). However, these studies reported contradictory findings on the influence of socio-demographic factors. Other sleep-related research areas that have elicited little interest but relevant for providing insight on ethnic differences are site-related effect on sleep (Stepnowsky et al., 2003), sleep accessories like beds, blankets or pillow and how they affect people’s sleep quality (Bader &Engdal, 2000; Lee & Park, 2006) and genetic-related
effect on sleep (Hamet& Tremblay, 2006). While much is published about subjective sleep quality as well as sleep disturbances among the general population, only few studies have focused on sleep and ethnicity, including different patterns and sleep quality across ethnic groups.

State the overall aim of the study. List the objectives of the project which are the specific details about what you hope to achieve such as an observable change in knowledge or behaviour (3-4 at most). State the specific research question(s) and associated hypotheses (if applicable) that will be tested.

Research Aim
This study aims to determine the impact of factors (age, gender, marital status, occupational status, working hours) on sleep quality among Indian immigrants in Perth.

Specific objectives
a) To evaluate sleep quality (good or poor) amongst Indian immigrants in Perth.
b) To identify possible factors that may influencing the sleep patterns of Indian immigrants in Perth.
c) To provide the recommendations for improving sleep quality.

Research Questions
a) What is the quality of sleep of Indian immigrants in Perth?
b) Is there a relationship between age, working hours and sleeping quality of Indian immigrants in Perth?
c) Is there a difference in sleep quality due to demographic factors (gender, marital status, occupational status) in Indian immigrants living in Perth?

What expected benefits (if any) will this research have for the wider community? (maximum of 200 words)
According to Rao, et al. (1999), there is need for knowledge on normative sleep patterns in different ethnic groups to inform practitioners and researcher on differences in sleep measures among different patients of different ethnic backgrounds. Moreover, the author argues that it will help researchers to provide valid conclusions about interactions of ethnicity, psychopathology as well as sleep regulation.

Furthermore, Rao and colleagues (1999) emphasized that knowledge about cross-ethnic differences with regard to sleep patterns is important in identifying high-risk ethnic groups. Similarly, Jean-Louis (2008) noted that understanding ethnic differences associated with sleep profiles may help to develop new, innovative and culturally appropriate interventions for addressing these ethnic health disparities.

Therefore, this study is important since it will inform health providers and policy makers to develop interventions to prevent sleep disorders and the associated mental health problems in Indian migrants living in Perth.

Detail the method and procedures that will be used to undertake the project, i.e., how will you collect and analyse the data including any statistical techniques that will be used. Your detailed description should allow the reader to replicate the collection and analysis of your data. (maximum of 1000 words).

Research design- Descriptive
In this research, the descriptive design would be used.

Research approach- Deductive
The research approach helps to get information, which is required for an outcome. As per the viewpoint of Sargent et al. (2013, p.1163), there are two research approaches inductive research approach and deductive research approach. The inductive research approach is where the researcher will collect information about their topic. After that, they will generate new theory.

The deductive research approach is based on how the researcher will research the topic and make the conclusion using the existing theory. They do not develop the new theory in order to complete the research. In this research, the deductive approach will be chosen in order to analyse the sleeping pattern based on theories regarding sleep.

Population and sampling
In this study we will attempt to recruit 100 Indian immigrants living in Perth.

Data collection methods and analysis
There are two types of data collection methods, the primary data collection method and the secondary data collection method. In the primary data collection method, there are two strategies used qualitative data and quantitative data. The quantitative method includes survey and the qualitative includes interview. The quantitative strategy is based on a questionnaire, which is close ended. In this research, survey process under the primary data collection strategy has been chosen. A questionnaire has been prepared based on The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index ( This questionnaire would be uploaded on Qualtrics software an advertised on the Facebook page Indian in Perth with the permission of administrator of this Facebook page. Moreover, participants will be recruited through emails (personal contact) and snow ball technique. Participants will be asked for consent before participation in this research.

This study will also collect data on social demographic variables such as age, gender, employment and marital status of individual that can influence quality of sleep. The statistical analysis will determine relationships between independent variables and sleep quality, and differences according to socio-demographic factors.

Validity and reliability
The questionnaire used in this research has been used in article “The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: A new instrument for Psychiatric Practice and Research “and in university of Pittsburgh (psychiatric department). (

Data Management
The sleep quality of Indian immigrants in Perth would be analysed by PSQI (Pittsburgh sleep quality index). It consists of 19 questions which covers different components of sleep like sleep quality, sleep disturbance, use of medication and sleep latency (how long it takes to fall asleep).

Each component (total number of components is seven) is weighted on 0-3 interval scale then global PSQI score is the total of all scores which ranges from 0 to 21. Lower score reveals healthier sleep quality. If global score is more than 5 then it represents poor sleep quality on the other side if global PSQI Score is less than 5 then it represents good quality sleep of individual.

All the collected data will be double-checked to ensure accuracy and consistency followed by exporting into Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 for analysis. A p value <0.05 will be considered statistically significant.

Descriptive statistics for continuous and categorical variables; Chi-square tests for bivariate differences in categorical variables and Student’s t-tests for bivariate differences for continuous variables. The tests will also determine associations of sleep quality parameters with socio-demographic and other behavioural factors.  Independent variables are the factors (occupational status, marital status, age, gender) that influence sleep quality and dependent variables are sleep quality (components of PSQI).

Ethical Consideration
This study will be approved by the University and Ethical Committee while the study population will provide informed consent and participation would be voluntary.

Torres Strait Islander Cultural Safety- Stolen Generations- Research Report Assignment

Research Report Assignment:


Culture encompasses the set of beliefs, moral values, traditions, language, and laws (or rules of behaviour) held in common by a nation, a community, or other defined group of people. Cultural factors can see some individuals refusing or avoiding service delivery, or needing an altered or different service due to their beliefs and cultural practices.

Provide several examples of cultural factors for Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander clients that may impact or effect services being delivered to them?

This may require you to undertake research and all communicate with Indigenous members of society, or representative associations.

Briefly discuss the type of issues that may influence relationships and communication with Aboriginal and/or or Torres Strait Islander people?
Your answer should include at least 2 to 3 examples of issues as well as details of any problems associated with these issues, and how they might be overcome.

What is cultural safety, and how can this be encouraged in your workplace or area of activity?

For this question you will need to conduct some research within your own organisation or area activity including your own behaviours.

Discuss how cultural safety is applied in your workplace or area activity, including by yourself, and also discuss ways in which this could be improved.

Your discussion should include details of:
Cultural safety in your organisation or area of activity
How you apply cultural safety in your undertakings
How effective your organisation is in this area
What improvements could be made for the future
Any other relevant comments you would like to add

Your answers do not need to be lengthy, however, there should be sufficient information for an assessor to be able to ascertain your understanding in this area.

For this activity you will need to undertake some self-review and soul-searching. Use the resources provided as guidelines for communication and relationships with Aboriginal and/or or Torres strait Islander’s, and then compare this with your own views to see if you have any bias.

A bias does not necessarily need to be something that is major, for example hating someone because of their race, colour, or religion, but can be something as simple as the expectation of eye contact, which for many indigenous individuals can be a problem.

Provide details of any bias you have self-identified along with strategies or actions you can use to change or work around any bias in future dealings with indigenous people?

As a follow-on from the previous question, briefly discuss how your cultural awareness, and the awareness of other cultures within your workplace or area of activity impact on workplace relationships?

Provide and explain two examples of appropriate communication techniques and or work practices that you have or could use to show cultural respect and understanding?

In what circumstances might an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander interpreter or colleague be used as cultural brokers?

Briefly discuss how you might go about developing effective partnerships between staff and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and their communities?

Refer to the resources provided and undertake some research of your own with Indigenous organisations or support groups to determine what resources are generally utilised to promote partnerships with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups or communities.

Then, provide details of what strategies you could utilise to promote such partnerships, and what resources would be required, and how and by whom these resources would be used?

What processes do you or could you use to document the ways delivery of services and programs are delivered to enhance cultural safety and encourage participation, in what is exactly your role in this process?

How would you or could you integrate strategies to encourage self-determination and community control in services and programs?
Your answer should provide details of how this could be done, who could do it, and what resources would be required?

With whom would you seek agreement for outcomes against which cultural safety can be implemented and measured?

Provide details of how you have all could involve Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in evaluations, negotiations, and the determination of strategies and services?

Provide details of how you have all could involve Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in evaluations, negotiations, and the determination of strategies and services?

Provide an example of how you could or would revise strategies while involving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people?

Business research topics: Challenges

Business research topics: Challenges


Business research topics: Challenges of Accounting in Global Organizations

Searching for research articles

Your references should be either books, journals articles, conferences articles, government organisations.

For example: use the ProQuest database for downloading and getting access for different journals and search for the following research interest 1- Brand Management 2- ICT Outsourcing

Open the following link:

User name : Holmes2004

Password: Holmes

Download at least two articles from each research interest


  1. Introduction

  1. Objective

  1. Scope

  1. Literature Review

  1. Conclusion

  1. Reference List

This assignment’s purpose is to perform a

1. Research Paper 1: Assessment criteria




Maximum of 10 pages; 15 minutes presentation


Group assignment. DUE WEEK 6

This assignment’s purpose is to perform acountry analysis and assessment of a new emerging market where rapid GDP growth has created attractive investment opportunities.

There are two inter-related components of this assignment:

  1. a) Presentation

  2. b) Business Report

You will form groups of 4 to 5 students (depending upon the size of the class)

Each group will be required to pick one of the following countries and perform an assessment of its potential and opportunity for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).

Countries: China, India, Russia, Thailand, Indonesia, Turkey, Nigeria, Mexico, Eastern European countries, etc. Choose your country for this assignment with the consultation of your lecturer.

Your report must address the following key areas:

  • General overview of the country or region
  • Political, Economic, Socio-cultural and Technological influences/benefits/ advantages
  • National resource and factor endowments that create competitive advantage
  • Foreign currency and exchange influences
  • The countries existing trade policies, systems, barriers and incentives
  • Existing levels of Foreign Direct Investment
  • Summary and recommendation based on your assessment

You will present the findings of your research topic along with written report in Week 6 Class.

You will need to cite material from academic texts or articles or official sources, e.g. government reports, and the final report


All reports must contain in-text citation and an accurate and complete set of references at the end of the paper.

Your report and presentation will be assessed as follows:

Group Presentation

Report structure, written presentation

Executive Summary

Knowledge of concepts and course material

Investigative and research skills shown

Overall impression of excellence







Country Analysis- Technological Influences- Business Report Assignment

Business Report Assignment:


Research Papers (25%) each
Each student group will nominate a topic and deliver a fifteen minute live presentation (worth 10%) of their research on that topic.

Following the delivery of the presentation, the topic will be written up as a seminar report (worth 15%) and submitted to your lecturer in the week of the live presentation and uploaded on Blackboard.

Organisation of the research report – a key ingredient to writing a successful essay involves the planning or organising stage. Organising can help you to sort out your ideas and to present your essay in the order that communicates best to your readers. Organisation is the procedure of constructing an outline that acts as a plan for your writing task. An outline forces you to think before you write.

Your essay is to be structured and written as a business report.

It, therefore, must begin with a Management (or Executive) Summary within which you state in stark form (i.e. unsupported by argument) what you are asserting in this report and you must do that in less than two pages.

You can begin the main body of the report with some general background followed by a description and discussion of significance of the specific issues considered. This introduction will normally end with a brief paragraph outlining the plan of the rest of the essay. The next section which could be divided into 2-4 sub-sections if necessary contains an in-depth discussion of the relevant issues based on the existing literature and/or data. You must provide in-text references to your sources. The last section contains a brief summary followed by a complete list of references that are cited in the text of the essay. Follow a standard referencing method consistently.

Suggested limits are as follows:
1. Executive Summary: ideally one page but no more than two
2. Sections 1: Introduction, 2-3 pages
3. Section 2: Main body of the essay, 4-5 pages
4. Sections 3: Conclusion, 1 page
5. References: at least 10 sources referenced (see below)
6.Overall length of report: not more than 10 pages of text

A. Be aware: cover sheet, table of content and reference list do not count towards the maximum text length given, but are additional.

On sourcing literature:
Your lecturer will discuss with you in class
1. Where to find academic sources (ProQuest, Google Scholar)
2. The quality of different written sources

B. Increasing from websites, books, book chapters, journal articles, to peer-reviewed journal articles
C. How the ABDC Master List provides a source for checking on and finding high quality peer-reviewed journals
1. list.php

Your lecturer will discuss with you how many high quality journal articles your group is expected to be using, both to meet the minimum requirements and also for indicating a high quality outcome.

Strategic Leadership & Human Resource-Capability Performance Matrix- Case Study Assignment Help

Case Study Assignment Help:

Task 1:

This task is an Individual Presentation task consisting of three major sections Individual Presentation (max. 12 slides inclusive of master and concluding slide)

1.1 Choose an organization of your choice, preferably the organization where you are working (or) worked (or) familiar with in the GCC region. Understand the chosen organization’s objectives and understand the working procedures of the organizations related to the HR management. Using the ‘Business Objectives and Capability Performance Matrix’ chart out clearly the chosen organization’s goals and objectives. Give out your brief opinion if the goals and objectives are aligned with the company’s HR functions and policies.

1.2 State the Strategic Recruitment and Selection activities in the chosen organization and using the ‘Business Efficacy Table’ make your assessment if and how such SHRM activities are achieving the strategic goals and objectives of the organization.

1.3 Assuming that it is diversifying its operations to new locations (countries), carry out the ‘Workforce Demand and Supply Forecast’ for a new location (of your choice).

You are expected to present this section with the following:
a. Positional Rationale Table
b. Current Manpower KSA with KSA Labels
c. Desired Manpower KSA with KSA Labels
d. Gap Closing Strategy Table.

Task 2:  Case Study
How 3M Gave Everyone Days Off and Created an Innovation Dynamo ‘’Before Google and Hewlett-Packard, 3M was offering employees time off to explore their own projects — netting 3M’s most famous products to date’’

In 1974, 3M scientist Art Fry came up with a clever invention. He thought if he could apply an adhesive (dreamed up by colleague Spencer Silver several years earlier) to the back of a piece of paper, he could create the perfect bookmark, one that kept place in his church hymnal. He called it the Post-It Note.

What you might not know is that Fry came up with the now iconic product (he talks to the Smithsonian about it here) during his “15 percent time,” a program at 3M that allows employees to use a portion of their paid time to chase rainbows and hatch their own ideas. It might seem like a squishy employee benefit. But the time has actually produced many of the company’s best-selling products and has set a precedent for some of the top technology companies of the day, like Google and Hewlett-Packard.

The 15 percent program seems squishy, is now key to 3M’s business strategy.

Today, 3M is a multinational powerhouse, with more than $20 billion in annual sales across a product line 50,000 deep, from adhesives to optical film. It boasts 22,800 patents, many derived from its 15 percent program. The program has been key to 3M’s business strategy and could be a model for other companies eager to innovate. Says Kurt Beinlich, a technical director for 3M:”It’s really shaped what and who 3M is.”

Founded in 1902 in a little town on the shores of Lake Superior, 3M started out in the mining business as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company. With mining hopes dashed, the founders bought a sandpaper factory and struggled for years over how to run it. New investors had to pour in cash to keep it afloat. Eventually, one of them, Lucius Ordway, moved the company to St. Paul, where 3M hit upon some key inventions, among them:
masking tape and cellophane tape.

3M launched the 15 percent program in 1948. If it seems radical now, think of how it played as post-war America was suiting up and going to the office, with rigid hierarchies and increasingly defined work and home roles. But it was also a logical next step. All those early years in the red taught 3M a key lesson: Innovate or die, an ethos the company has carried dutifully into the 21st century.

15 percent time is extended to everyone. Who knows who’ll create the next Post-It Note?”It’s one of the things that sets 3M apart as an innovative company, by sticking to that culture of giving every one of our employees the ability to follow their instincts to take advantage of opportunities for the company," says Beinlich, who tries to get most of his 70-person technical lab team to participate.

How is the program implemented? In Beinlich’s telling, workers often use 15 percent time to pursue something they discovered through the usual course of work but didn’t have time to follow up on. And even that depends on other factors — how closely managers keep tabs on projects, for one. What’s more, 15 percent time is extended to everyone, not just the scientists (you can hear the cheers in marketing), the idea being: Who knows where the next Post-It Note will come from?

There is failure. As a company culture, it’s accepted, if not entirely embraced. In Beinlich’s department, engineers designed a heat-repelling cover to protect car finishes from welding sparks. But there just wasn’t a market for it: Automotive workers didn’t want to shell out for another product when they could keep layering blankets to protect finishes like they always had.” When we found that out, we celebrated that we had found something that was
innovative and had its place. But we said OK; let’s move on," Beinlich says.

The 15 percent program has clearly inspired other organizations. Google’s 20 percent time famously gave birth to Gmail, Google Earth, and Gmail Labs. (Google would neither confirm nor deny that the idea for its program came from 3M, but it's hard to imagine otherwise; after all, 3M’s program had been around 50 years before Google even filed incorporation papers.)

Likewise, Hewlett-Packard Labs offers personal creative time.

Still, it’ a rare perk at most companies, technical or not. For starters, it’s expensive. 3M invests more than $1 billion in R&D alone; 15 percent of that starts to be a sizable outlay.

Author Scott Berkun writes about business innovation. He says these policies only work when the outcomes are backed. "Many companies have tried to emulate the 20 percent time idea" but failed because they remained conservative about supporting the new ideas, he says. And experts agree that this kind of nudging probably works best at companies where there’s a high level of creative competitiveness; that is, where impressing peers is just as important as the innovation itself.

Some have tried to emulate 3M’s program but failed because they wouldn’t support the new ideas. 3M’s got that in spades. Once a year, about 200 employees from dozens of divisions make cardboard posters describing their 15 percent time project as if they were presenting volcano models at a middle school science fair. They stand up their poster, then hang out next to it, awaiting feedback, suggestions, and potential co-collaborators. Wayne Maurer is an R&D manager in 3M’s abrasives division and calls it a chance for people to unhinge their “inner geek.”

He elaborates: “For technical people, it’s the most passionate and engaged event we have at 3M.” Past projects have included making clear bandages, optical films that reflect light, and designing a way to make painter’s tape stick to wall edges (to protect against paint bleed). All these products are on the market now.

Sometimes ideas can languish for years. One worker had a hunch that if he reshaped particles on sandpaper, they wouldn't dull so quickly. But that was 15 years ago, and the technology and feedback weren't there to advance it beyond an interesting idea. Two years ago, the same worker started looking at the problem again during his 15 percent time. He made a poster.

This time, he got different feedback with the help of new employees and new technology. They discovered they could retain a particle's sharp, pyramid-like shape just by changing the mixing order. Now 3M has a winner in the Cubitron II, a sandpaper that acts more like a cutting tool and one that still stumps copycats, despite that it's been on the market since 2009.

If not for the 15 percent time, this worker’s idea might’ve never taken off. Another obvious benefit of this "think time" is in recruiting. Specialized workers are highly prized and fought for. Companies that offer roughly the same salary as another, can tip the scales with paid personal time. (The snow in Minnesota might be another issue.)

“What you’re offering is essentially freedom, and that is very attractive for the right person,” says Henry Chesbrough, a professor at the Haas School of Business at UC Berkeley, and the father of open innovation business practices.

Paid personal time is, of course, just one way to help a company innovate and, given the expense, it’s not best for everyone. Chesbrough says advances in technology can be achieved if companies generally soften boundaries between where ideas come from and how they take root. A company can limit risk by letting internal ideas spin off into external companies, which might be bought back. On the flip side, internal groups can pursue external ideas.

Perhaps the real lesson is that the best ideas can come from anywhere. And an innovative company will find a way to champion them.

You are expected to answer the following questions referring to the 3M case study above.
1. Explain the purpose and functions of HRM with specific reference to Human Resource Management Practices at 3M. Explain and assess how these functions assist 3M in their HR planning and resourcing, to eventually help them achieve their core organizational objectives.

2. Explain different approaches to recruitment & selection, as well as employee engagement practiced at 3M, and state the observed strengths and weaknesses of such approaches.

3. Analyse the importance of employees’ relations in 3M organization, as well as identify the key elements of employment legislation in the organization; discuss their influence and impact on HRM decision making in 3M.

4. Illustrate at least two, or more specific examples of HRM practices followed by 3M, and provide a rationale of their application in the organization’s work environment.

The answers shall not exceed 2000 words and should include relevant examples and illustrations.

Analyse the ethical act central to your ethical question using act utilitarianism by forecasting three important positive and three important negative consequences.

Applied Ethics and Sustainability

Doh, Husted, and Yang (2016) state that corruption and bribery are considered to be major problems for multinational corporations, especially in developing countries. They mention that the effects of bribery and corruption degrade the progress, growth, and sustainability of multinational organizations. However, the researchers it is undoubtedly important to analyse these issues by critically reviewing overall consequences of it in the operations of multinational organizations. Leisinger, 1998 mention that in public sector, corruption leads to erosion of tax concessions because of evasion of taxation. This causes an increase in the cost of doing business by discouraging private investment because it raises the uncertainty for expected returns on investment. As government intervention is extremely necessary for multinational companies to operate in an economy, the major effect of corruption is that it distorts competition by hampering trade and inhibiting investments, adding up to the destruction of the economic developments of a country and ultimately impacting on society and governments.
However, Leisinger (1998) report states that the governments, especially in the cases of developing countries, function independently – operated by setting their own rules and regulations and intervened in the operations of these corporations to develop new norms so as to
grow to derive the benefits of them working in their country.

Ning (2017) mentions a method in which the flaws related to corruption and bribery can be filled in, by joining hands with local companies (joint venture). The author goes on to say that when an MNC enters a corrupted host country, it can be in the form of joint venture so that
the local knowledge (political information of the state), as well as the resources that are available locally, can be acquired as a complementary asset. In contrast, if a foreign firm wants to have a whole control of the organization, it faces difficulty in terms of expansion and growth in the target market of the corrupted country. Another way to bridge the ethical gap is by wholly purchasing already existing companies in the local economy (Ning 2017). This leads to maximum control over internal and external matters of the organization without any conflicts. Overall, ethically, is it acceptable for a government to permit the existence of a corrupt official or group officials?


1) Explain why your specific ethical problem is important and in need of analysis?

2) Identify and fully reference 6 key facts relevant to the analysis of your ethical question.

3) Identify 2 assumptions which you are required to make to fill gaps in publically available information relevant to your ethical problem.

4) Analyse the ethical act central to your ethical question using act utilitarianism by forecasting three important positive and three important negative consequences.

5) Provide an ethical conclusion which compares expected positive with negative consequences including an estimate as to whether net utility will rise or fall.

6) Identify 3 virtues relevant to the analysis of your specific ethical question. Define each virtue in no more than one sentence.

Individual & Social Development- Social Interactions Affect Human Behaviour- Psychology Assignment

Psychology Assignment:


This assignment is designed to help students’ knowledge of how social interactions affect human behaviour. Students will construct a laboratory report in accordance with APA guidelines.

“You’re so vain”

Research information

The data for this laboratory report were gathered in the first week of Trimester 1, 2018 and the experimenters were the students (that’s you!). Participants in the study were the friends and family members of HPS121 Trimester 1, 2018 students. The participants were provided a link to an online questionnaire where they completed demographic questions (gender, age, student status) and a brief measure on narcissistic traits.
So what could be the rationale behind this seemingly simple study you recruited participants for?

Background information

Personality is one of the topics we study in HPS121, and one area of focus in this area is the differences that exist between people on a number of personality traits. A key perspective in this area is that of the Five Factor Model (McCrae & Costa, 2008) which proposes there are five major types of personality traits that we all have but in which we vary. These personality traits include: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism.

Even though the Five Factor Model is very popular within Psychology, another personality trait that has received much attention in the last few decades is that of narcissism. For example, in 2011,  Insight (on SBS) ran a program exploring narcissism, which is a personality characteristic that we all have, though some display higher levels of narcissism than others. People high in narcissism (though subclinical, meaning that they do not have narcissistic personality disorder) typically have a grandiose view of themselves and crave admiration from others.\

To investigate whether people vary in their rates of narcissism, Foster, Campbell, and Twenge (2010) administered a narcissism questionnaire to participants, and examined whether there were any demographic differences in narcissism. In a separate study, Wilson and Sibley (2011) assessed the
rates of narcissism within the New Zealand population.

In this assignment, we are investigating whether there are any gender (female vs male) and age (18- 25 vs 26 and above) differences in narcissism rates within Australia. Your key resources below provide an introduction to the narcissism as a trait, and, outline whether there may be any gender
and age differences in narcissism.

Your key resources
1. Chapter 13 (Passer & Smith, 2015, 2nd Australian ed.). Chapter 13 of your text overviews the topic of Personality and therefore provides an excellent starting point for this assignment. Take a look at pages 481-485 in particular.
2. Insight Episode on Narcissism (2011). In 2011, Insight (on SBS) ran a program exploring narcissism.
3. Foster, Campbell, and Twenge (2003). This article examined whether there were gender, age, ethnicity, and world region differences on the 40 item version of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI). World regions included the United States, Canada, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. It’s up to you to have a good read of this paper and determine what they found in terms of age and gender differences in narcissism.
4. Wilson and Sibley (2011). This article examined whether there were gender and age differences in New Zealand on the 40 item version of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI). Of interest to our study was the gender and age differences found, and whether they were the same or different to what Foster, Campbell, and Twenge found almost a decade earlier.

Your research question and hypothesis

In the current study (your study!) we’ll ask two questions. The first question is ‘are there differences between males and females in their rates of narcissism?’, and the second question is, ‘are there differences between young and old people in their rates narcissism?’. Since little research has looked at these differences in Australia, it is important for us to test if Australian males and females, and young and old Australians, differ in their rates of narcissism, and if they do differ, whether this is the same as what has been found 10-20 years ago.

Based on past research and the current study’s design, you will need to generate two testable hypotheses pertaining to the gender and age differences in narcissism:
1. Hypothesis 1: This should focus on gender, and should predict which gender (female vs male) will show higher or lower scores in narcissism.
2. Hypothesis 2: This should focus age, and should predict which age group (18-25 vs 26 and above) will show higher or lower scores in narcissism.

Writing up the report

Now that you have a brief background, it is your job to watch/read and understand the central references and develop your introduction, aims, and hypotheses.

Three references have been made available to you on Moodle in the Lab Report Resources folder: Insight Video (2011); Foster, Campbell, and Twenge (2003); and Wilson and Sibley (2011). It is necessary that you thoroughly read and understand these core resources because they will form the basis of your rationale for the study.

ALL REFERENCES MUST BE USED IN YOUR PAPER and you will be penalised if you do not use all three. It is not necessary to include any additional sources of information, but if you really want to you can – just make sure that the additional evidence is closely aligned to the topic and is relevant to your argument. Make sure that if you choose to include more sources of information that you do not do so at the expense of the three core resources that must be included in sufficient detail.

The tutorial slides from Week 2 to Week 5 go over the Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, and References sections of the lab report. Additional resources pertaining to each section of the report will be released (Resources and Assessment – Lab Report Resources) progressively from Week 2 to Week 5 as we work through each section of the report in the first 5 tutorials. Please be aware the first 5 tutorials of the trimester are also designed specifically to assist you in writing the report. You must use the Taines (3rd edition) text as the primary information source on formatting the lab
report in general. An online version of this text is available (, however access is limited to 15 people at one time, so we highly recommend purchasing your own copy.

The data from the questionnaire will be analysed for you, and the results will be available for interpretation on Moodle by the end of Week 4. We will also discuss the results section in the Week4 tutorial. The Assignment is due at 5pm on 18/04 (middle of Week6). While we will explain the
meaning of each statistical analysis, you will be required to present and interpret the findings according to what you have learnt about statistical analysis in Week 4.